Program Description

Title 23, U.S.C., Section 125, authorizes an Emergency Relief for Federally Owned Roads (ERFO) program within the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, for the repair or reconstruction of federal and tribal transportation facilities that have suffered serious damage as a result of natural disasters or catastrophic failure from an external cause. The intent of the ERFO Program is to pay the unusually heavy expenses to federal and tribal agencies that manage road systems for the repair and reconstruction of facilities to pre-disaster condition. ERFO is 100% federal share for eligible sites for both emergency and permanent repairs.

General Program Requirements

ERFO is intended for disaster-related serious damage and is not for the correction of pre-existing, non-disaster related deficiencies or for long term, or predictably developing situations. Regular maintenance and improvement projects are not ERFO eligible.

ERFO eligibility is limited to public transportation facilities. Facilities must appear on the National Tribal Transportation Facility Inventory or Federal Lands Transportation Inventory. Facilities covered can include passenger car roads, bridges, parking areas, transit systems, and trails.

Your Next Steps

The following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.

Application Process

In order for funds to be made available under ERFO, the tribe and BIA must apply to FHWA ERFO program within 45 days of the event. FHWA will then assess and declare a disaster if program requirements are met.

All tribes must apply through the Bureau of Indian Affairs to the Federal Lands Highway Division.

For more information about the program including ERFO POCs and ERFO Guidance manual: ERFO Website

Program Contact Information

Sergio Mayorga
Program Manager
Office of Federal Lands Highway, Washington, DC
(202) 366-9491

Additional Information

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number20.205
Current Method of Tribal EligibilityProgram not specific to American Indians and Alaska Natives, but they are eligible
Can the funding from the program be renewedNo
Entities Eligible for Grant AssistanceFederally Recognized Tribes and Tribal Organizations, Other Tribal and Native Entities, Non-Tribal Entities
Matching Funds RequiredNo
Length of ProgramOngoing
Recurring Base Funding for TribesNo
Do Tribes compete with other entities for funding from the program?Yes

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