Program Description

The voluntary Agriculture Risk Coverage (ARC) and Price Loss Coverage (PLC) programs provide participating farmers with protection against adverse changes in market conditions. ARC has either a county-based or individual-based option. The ARC-County (ARC-CO) program provides protection for revenue (yield times price) losses at the county level. Revenue loss is determined for each eligible covered commodity with enrolled "base acres" after the market year average price and county yields are published by USDA. The ARC-Individual (ARC-IC) program provides revenue loss coverage at the individual farm level. In contrast, the PLC program provides payments when the market year average price for an eligible covered commodity falls below the crop's reference price specified in the 2014 Farm Bill. A producer may enroll any or all of his or her Farm Service Agency farms. Annual enrollment of farms is based on how each covered commodity on the farm elected PLC, ARC-CO, or ARC-IC.

For farms that elected ARC-IC, the revenue from all Farm Service Agency (FSA) farms that elected and are enrolled in ARC-IC is used to compute the ARC-IC benchmark revenue, guarantee, and actual revenue.

Farmers do not pay a fee or premium to enroll in either ARC or PLC.

General Program Requirements

  • To be eligible, your farm must have Farm Service Agency-defined "base acres" of wheat, feed grains, rice, oilseeds, peanuts, and/or pulses (the 21 covered commodities identified in the 2014 Farm Bill). ("Base acres" are used to delineate, for USDA purposes, historical acres planted to wheat, feed grains, and other crops.)
  • You must be actively engaged in farming, meet Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) eligibility limits, and may not receive payments above payment limitation amounts specified in the 2014 Farm bill.
  • You must meet Highly Erodible Land Conservation and Wetland Conservation requirements.
  • You must annually enroll the farm and complete an acreage report for the farm of all cropland.
  • You must control noxious weeds on your entire farm.
  • An acre-for-acre payment reduction occurs when fruits, vegetables, or wild rice is planted on payment acres.

Your Next Steps

The following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.

Application Process

To apply for ARC/PLC assistance, contact your local FSA office.

Program Contact Information

For more information, visit FSA's ARC-PLC homepage or contact your local FSA office.

For Native American/Alaska Native specific information, please contact:
Linda Cronin
Lead Outreach Program Manager

Additional Information

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number10.113
Current Method of Tribal EligibilityProgram not specific to American Indians and Alaska Natives, but they are eligible

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