Program Description

Social Security Disability Insurance Benefits are a federally funded program administered by the U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA). Social Security pays disability benefits to you and certain members of your family if you have worked long enough and have a medical condition that has prevented you from working or is expected to prevent you from working for at least 12 months or end in death. Studies show that a 20-year-old worker has a 1-in-4 chance of becoming disabled before reaching full retirement age.

General Program Requirements

To qualify for this benefit program, you must:

  • Be unable to work because you have a medical condition that is expected to last at least one year or result in death.
  • Not have a partial or short-term disability
  • Meet SSA’s  definition of a disability
  • Younger than your full retirement age

Certain family members of disabled workers may be eligible to receive benefits based on the work of the disabled worker.

If you would like to find out if you may be eligible for any of the benefits SSA administers, take SSA’s Benefit Eligibility Screening Tool.

To see the listing of impairments that can qualify for disability, visit the "Adult Listing of Impairments" page. Even if your condition is not included in the listing, you still could get benefits.

Your Next Steps

The following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.

Application Process

Once you know which benefits you may be eligible for, visit the Apply For Social Security Benefits webpage to apply online.

Program Contact Information

Visit SSA’s Publications home page for detailed information about SSA programs and policies.

Or for additional information on this and any SSA benefit, call:
1-800-772-1213 (TTY: 1-800-325-0778)

Additional Information

Number of People Served by this Program (Approximate)Over 10 million as of August 2015
Entities Eligible for Grant AssistanceFederally Recognized Tribes and Tribal Organizations, Other Tribal and Native Entities, Non-Tribal Entities
Current Method of Tribal EligibilityThere is no specific tribal eligibility.
Do Tribes compete with other entities for funding from the program?No
Recurring Base Funding for TribesNo
Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number96.001
Matching Funds RequiredNo
Can the funding from the program be renewedNo