Program Description

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) provides supplemental foods, nutrition education including breastfeeding promotion and support, referrals, and access to health and social services, at no cost to low-income pregnant, breastfeeding, postpartum women, and to infants and children up to age five who are found to be at nutritional risk.

General Program Requirements

Pregnant, breastfeeding and postpartum women, as well as infants, and children up to 5 years of age are eligible if they are individually determined by a health professional to be at nutritional risk and meet state residency and income requirements.

An applicant’s gross income (i.e. before taxes are withheld) must fall at or below 185 percent of the U.S. Poverty Guidelines. The WIC income eligibility guidelines for the 48 Contiguous States, D.C., Guam and Territories are included below. Vist the WIC Income Eligibility Requirements page to view additional information, including income requirements for Alaska and Hawaii. 

In order to qualify, you must have an annual household income (before taxes) that is below the following amounts:

Household Size* Maximum Income Level (Per Year)
1 $22,459
2 $30,451
3 $38,443
4 $46,435
5 $54,427
6 $62,419
7 $70,411
8 $78,403

*For households with more than eight people, add $7,992 per additional person. Always check with the appropriate managing agency to ensure the most accurate guidelines.


A person who participates or has family members who participate in certain other benefit programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), Medicaid or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), automatically meets the income eligibility requirement.


Your Next Steps

The following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.

Application Process

To find out if you may be eligible for WIC benefits, complete the WIC Prescreening Tool. Upon completion of the WIC Prescreening Tool, users who are likely to be eligible to receive WIC benefits are provided with State-specific contact information and are encouraged to make a certification appointment with their local WIC clinic. The tool is available in English, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic, Haitian Creole, Korean, Russian, Somali, and Vietnamese.

For more information about how to apply for WIC benefits, contact your State agency. A list of State agencies can be found on the WIC Contacts page. A list of toll-free numbers can be found on the WIC State Agency Directory page.

Program Contact Information

For more information visit FNS's WIC homepage.

Additional Information

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number10.557
Current Method of Tribal EligibilityNo Set-aside; Tribes Eligible with Other Entities
Entities Eligible for Grant AssistanceFederally Recognized Tribes and Tribal Organizations, Other Tribal/Native Entities, Non-Tribal/Non-Native Entities
Number of People Served by this Program (Approximate)FY 2015 – Est. 7,696,439
Do Tribes compete with other entities for funding from the program?Yes – Tribes compete with participating State agencies
Tribes Funded by this Program34

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