Program Description

The Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR) provides USDA Foods to income-eligible households living on Indian reservations, and to American Indian households residing in approved areas near reservations or in Oklahoma. Many households participate in FDPIR as an alternative to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), because they do not have easy access to SNAP offices or authorized food stores.

The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, administers FDPIR at the Federal level. The program is administered locally by either Indian Tribal Organizations (ITOs) or State agencies (SAs) on behalf of federally recognized Tribes.

USDA purchases and ships USDA Foods, selected from a list of available foods, to the ITOs and SAs. These administering agencies store and distribute the foods, determine applicant eligibility, and provide nutrition education to recipients. USDA provides the administering agencies with funds for program administrative costs and nutrition education.

General Program Requirements

FDPIR eligibility is limited to income eligible households residing on participating reservations or income eligible Indian Tribal Households (see definition at 7 CFR 253.2) residing in approved areas near a reservation or in approved service areas in Oklahoma. The ITOs/SAs are responsible for certifying households based on national eligibility criteria. The income standards vary by household size and are based on 100% of the Federal Poverty Guidelines adjusted by the applicable SNAP standard deduction. Households must be recertified at least every 12 months; elderly and disabled households may be certified for up to 24 months. Households may not participate in FDPIR and SNAP in the same month.

For a summary of FDPIR eligibility requirements, including income standards and deductions, please visit the How to Apply webpage.

Your Next Steps

The following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.

Application Process

To determine whether you are eligible for FDPIR and to apply for benefits, you must contact the Indian Tribal Organization or State agency responsible for administering FDPIR in the area where you live.

Contact information can be found on the Food Distribution Programs contact list or by calling the USDA National Hunger Hotline at 1-866-348-6479.

Program Contact Information

For more information, visit the Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations (FDPIR's) homepage.
You may also email us at:

Additional Information

Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number10.567
Current Method of Tribal EligibilityFederally Recognized Tribes
Can the funding from the program be renewedYes
Funding TypeMandatory
Entities Eligible for Grant AssistanceFederally Recognized Tribes and Tribal Organizations, State Agencies
Matching Funds RequiredYes
Number of People Served by this Program (Approximate)La participación promedio mensual para el año fiscal 2016 fue 93,000 personas.
Recurring Base Funding for TribesNo
Do Tribes compete with other entities for funding from the program?No
Tribes Funded by this ProgramCurrently, 102 tribal organizations and 3 State agencies receive funding to administer the program and support approximately 276 tribes in receiving benefits through FDPIR.

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