Survivors Pension is a tax-free benefit payable by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to a low-income, un-remarried surviving spouse and unmarried dependent child(ren) of a deceased wartime Veteran.
General Program Requirements
To qualify for this benefit, you must be the surviving spouse or child(ren) of a deceased wartime Veteran. Children may be eligible if they are
- under the age of 18,
- between the ages of 18 and 23 and enrolled in a VA-approved educational/training institution, or
- permanently incapable of self-support prior to the age of 18.
Wartime Service Requirements:
|World War I||World War II||Korea||Vietnam||Gulf War|
04/06/1917 to 11/11/1918If the veteran served with the United States military forces in Russia, the ending date is April 1, 1920
|12/07/1941 to 12/31/1946||06/27/1950 to 01/31/1955||02/28/1961 to 05/07/1975 for Veterans who served in the Republic of Vietnam during that period; otherwise 08/05/1964 to 05/07/1975||08/02/1990 through a date to be prescribed by Presidential proclamation or law|
Income and net worth limits apply. Higher income limits may apply if the surviving spouse is severely disabled or has custody of the Veteran's dependent children. In addition, unreimbursed medical expenses may help to reduce the survivor's countable income.
For more specific information, refer to the Survivors Pension factsheet.
Your Next StepsThe following information will lead you to the next steps to apply for this program.
To complete an application, use VA Form 21-534 or VA Form 21-534EZ, "Application for Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC), Death Pension, and/or Accrued Benefits", and mail it to the VA Pension Management Center (PMC) having jurisdictions over the claim. If the PMC having jurisdiction over the claim is not known, the claim may be submitted to the closest VA regional office.
Program Contact Information
If you have questions:
- Visit the Inquiry Routing & Information System (IRIS) website to search Frequently Asked Questions or ask a question on-line, or
- Call 877-294-6380
- Call 711, if you use a Telecommunications Device for the Deaf (TDD)
To apply for additional benefits and view your benefit status, open an eBenefits Premium account. eBenefits is a one-stop source for information on VA benefits and services. With a free Premium level eBenefits account, Veterans, Servicemembers and their family members can conduct self-service transactions such as checking claim status information, GI Bill enrollment, and obtaining copies of civil service preference letters, DD Form 214, and other personal information. For further information and to register for a free Premium level account, visit the eBenefits website.